...August 15th of 1913, the project that Msgr. Thomas Shahan has been working on and dreaming of since the early 1900s was given the green light by none other than Pope Pius X. The approval was for the building of the Basilica of the National Shrine of the Immaculate Conception
...changes that could bring justice to society, such as calling for labor unions and living wages. The impact of Rerum Novarum would ripple throughout the years. Successive popes would issue their own encyclicals echoing the calls of Rerum Novarum, such as Pope Pius XI's Quadragesimo Anno (Latin for Forty Years).
...es. Bishop Kenrick’s efforts contributed to a decline of the power of the trustees and to an increased sense of stability in a diocese that had been long divided by tensions arising from trusteeism. Kenrick’s determination to preserve the morality of those serving in the diocese is evident from his
...on in the anthracite coal area of Northeastern Pennsylvania, mainly in Carbon and Schuylkill counties. The Fenian Brotherhood was a military group that sought the overthrow of English rule in Ireland. Their annual operating budget spent tens of thousands of dollars on their war department, including buying surplus arms and